About Pickling

Title: About Pickling
Categories: Info, Pickles, Joy, Jw
Yield: 1 Text file

Although many vitamins and minerals are leached away in the process,
pickles remain popular as piquant side dishes and relishes long after
more efficient food preservation techniques such as refrigeration,
freezing and canning surplanted this pioneer mainstay as a primary
food storage method.

Short Brine Pickling:

In this process the vegetables are soaked in brine 24 hours to draw
out moisture but they are not fermented. To keep, they must have
boiling hot vinegar poured over them which penetrates and preserves
as well as crisping them. The final step after jarring and sealing is
a 15 minute boiling water bath to kill any enzymes. If pickles show
evidence of fermentation after being stored away [bubbles or leakage]
either discard or immediately re-pickle.

Because of the acids involved use stoneware, pottery, glass and
enamel or stainless steel kettles. For stirring and transferring use
a long handled stainless or wooden slotted spoon. Make sure all
equipment is clean and grease free. Pickles should be stored in
sterilized glass jars with glass lids. For sterilizing techniques,
refer to “About Jams, Jellies and Preserves”. [Posted by me last week]

Fruits and vegetables should be very fresh, in prime condition without
blemishes or bruises and scrubbed dirt free.

Garlic should be blanched 2 minutes before adding or removed before

Spices should be whole not ground and in a removable spice bag.

Water should be low iron, low sulphur and soft. It can be softened
with up to 1 tablespoon calcium oxide [lime] per quart. If your water
supply is inadequate buy distilled water or collect rain water.

Salt should be additive free Pickling salt. Regular table salt will
cloud the liquid.

Vinegar should be 6% acetic acid. Use white distilled vinegar not
cider, wine or flavored vinegars.

Lime water or cherry and grape leaves in the liquid will make pickles
crisp. Use alum sparingly if at all and do not use the Copper Sulfate
called for in old fashioned recipes as it is mildly poisonous in
excessive amounts.

Pickles should be stored at least 6 weeks to achieve maximum flavor
and although they will keep for years should be consumed within one
year as the flavor will deteriorate over time.

This is based on extracts from the Joy of Cooking with amendments and
additions by Jim Weller.
Posted to MM-Recipes Digest V3 #235

Date: Wed, 28 Aug 1996 21:56:51 -0500

From: pickell@cyberspc.mb.ca (S.Pickell)